Hypertension disease in young generation increase very fast
A recent study found a dose-response relationship between optimism and hypertension, meaning higher optimism, lower risk of developing hypertension.
World Health Organisation around 113 crore people are suffering from hypertension across the globe.High blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension, is a chronic condition that can result in irreversible damage to the blood vessels of the heart, brain, and other vital organs. This is a condition that affects not only the older adults but also the younger population. Recent research published by Cambridge University Press has shown that people with high blood pressure at an early age may suffer from heart diseases at a later stage in their lives.
Hypertension in young adults
The scientists included seventeen observatory studies that analyzed about 4.5 million young adults who were followed for about 14.7 years. Young adults were aged between 18 and 45 when the study began.
The upper limit of blood pressure is called systolic blood pressure, which is the amount of pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries when the heart beats. The lower limit of blood pressure is called diastolic blood pressure, which is the amount of pressure on the walls of the arteries when resting between the two beats of the heart.
There were five criteria for measuring systolic and diastolic blood pressure:
- Optimal blood pressure, where systolic blood pressure should be less than 120 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure should be less than 10 mm per kg
- Normal blood pressure with systolic BP 120 to 129 and diastolic BP 80 to 84 mm Hg.
- High normal blood pressure with systolic BP 130 to 139 and diastolic BP 85 to 89 mm Hg.
- Grade 1 hypertension with systolic BP 140–159 and diastolic BP 90 to 99 mm Hg.
- Grade 2 hypertension with systolic BP greater than 160 or diastolic BP greater than or equal to 100 mg Hg.
Results of the study showed that young adults with normal blood pressure had an increased risk of suffering from cardiovascular events such as coronary heart disease and stroke, compared with those with optimal blood pressure. In addition, the risk continued to increase with an increase in blood pressure.
Scientists concluded that adults with high blood pressure at an early age are at risk of suffering from potentially fatal heart diseases later in life.
Optimism and risk of incident hypertension
Another study published in the journal Epidemiology and Psychiatry in 2020 states that being optimistic can help reduce the risk of hypertension.
In this study, Cambridge scientists included 1,03,486 active-duty soldiers of the US Army free of hypertension in the age group of 173 to 65, and their optimism, sociopolitical characteristics (such as their age, gender, education, migration background, and ethnicity ) Assessed. , Religious affiliation, marital status) and health status both physically and mentally with the help of electronic health records and health assessments.
On assessing these people from 2010 to 2014, there were approximately 15,052 reported cases of hypertension. Incident hypertension is the first occurrence of systolic blood pressure above 140 mm Hg or greater or diastolic blood pressure above 90 mm Hg or in a person already taking antihypertensive medication.
However, scientists observed that those who were highly optimistic were at 22 percent lower risk of developing hypertension. Scientists further found a dose-response relationship, meaning higher optimism, reducing the risk of developing hypertension.